GRAMMAR : PUNCTUATION FOR CITATION (PRACTICE)

28 August 2022
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question
When incorporating direct quotations into writing, what are the function of and guidelines for using the ellipsis?
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: The ellipsis is one of the punctuation tools used to prevent plagiarism. An ellipsis indicates the omission of a word or words from a direct quotation. It is important to remember that an ellipsis requires a single space between the periods. Using the ellipsis can be tricky, so it is important to follow a few guidelines. First, an ellipsis cannot appear at the beginning of a sentence. Second, when using an ellipsis in the middle of a sentence, make sure that the first word after the ellipsis has a lowercase letter. Third, an ellipsis that appears at the end of a sentence requires a periodβ€”so four dots, rather than the standard three.
question
Read the selection below from "The Insufficiency of Honesty" by Stephen L. Carter and answer the question that follows. When I refer to integrity, I have something very specific in mind. Integrity, as I will use the term, requires three steps: discerning what is right and what is wrong; acting on what you have discerned, even at personal cost; and saying openly that you are acting on your understanding of right and wrong. The first criterion captures the idea that integrity requires a degree of moral reflectiveness. The second brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast, a quality that includes keeping one's commitments. The third reminds us that a person of integrity can be trusted. Source: Carter, Stephen L. "The Insufficiency of Honesty." Atlantic Monthly Feb. 1996: 74+. Print. Based on the passage above, which of the following sentences reflects the correct use of the ellipsis? ". . . [A]cting on what you have discerned" . . . as right and wrong . . . is required for a person of integrity (Carter). Carter writes . . . "[A]cting on what you have discerned brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast. . . ". According to Carter, "acting on what you have discerned . . . brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast." "Acting on what you have discerned . . . as right and wrong . . . brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast . . ." (Carter).
answer
According to Carter, "acting on what you have discerned . . . brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast."
question
When incorporating direct quotations into writing, what is the function of quotation marks?
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: Quotation marks are one of the punctuation tools used to prevent plagiarism. Quotation marks are used to set apart short quotations, which are defined by the Modern Language Association as quotations of four lines or fewer. It is important to remember that quotation marks come in pairs.
question
Read the passage below and answer the question that follows. Wearing huge earrings is criminal claims Emily Pontellier the author of Jewelry Mistakes Which of the following reflects the proper punctuation of the above sentence? Wearing huge earrings is criminal, "claims Emily Pontellier," the author of Jewelry Mistakes! "Wearing huge earrings is criminal!" claims Emily Pontellier, the author of Jewelry Mistakes. Wearing huge earrings is criminal: "claims Emily Pontellier the author of Jewelry Mistakes." "Wearing huge earrings is criminal claims Emily Pontellier the author of Jewelry Mistakes!"
answer
"Wearing huge earrings is criminal!" claims Emily Pontellier, the author of Jewelry Mistakes.
question
When incorporating direct quotations into writing, what is the function of parentheses?
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: Parentheses are one of the punctuation tools used to prevent plagiarism. Parentheses set off the citation, which is the source information for the direct quotation. It is important to remember that parentheses come in pairs.
question
When incorporating direct quotations into writing, what is the function of brackets?
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: Brackets are one of the punctuation tools used to prevent plagiarism. Brackets set apart additions or changes in the direct quotation made by the writer. They can indicate a change in verb tense, added words or punctuation, substituted words, or errors ([sic]). It is important to note that brackets must come in pairs.
question
When incorporating direct quotations into writing, what is the function of the colon? Explain the guidelines for using the colon for a long quotation.
answer
Responses may vary but should include some or all of the following information: The colon is one of the punctuation tools used to prevent plagiarism. A colon introduces a direct quotation and must follow an independent clause. When using the colon for a long quotation, it is important that the sentence with the colon be a part of the text itself and that the long quotation begin on a new line that is indented one inch from the margin.
question
Read the selection below from "The Insufficiency of Honesty" by Stephen L. Carter and answer the question that follows. When I refer to integrity, I have something very specific in mind. Integrity, as I will use the term, requires three steps: discerning what is right and what is wrong; acting on what you have discerned, even at personal cost; and saying openly that you are acting on your understanding of right and wrong. The first criterion captures the idea that integrity requires a degree of moral reflectiveness. The second brings in the ideal of a person of integrity as steadfast, a quality that includes keeping one's commitments. The third reminds us that a person of integrity can be trusted. Source: Carter, Stephen L. "The Insufficiency of Honesty." Atlantic Monthly Feb. 1996: 74+. Print. Based on the passage above, which of the following reflects the correct use of brackets? Carter comments that "[A] person of integrity can be trusted[.]" Carter believes that "[i]ntegrity . . . [r]equires [t]hree [s]teps." [Carter] writes, "[i]integrity requires a degree of moral reflectiveness." Carter explains, "[Integrity is] a quality that includes keeping one's commitments."
answer
Carter explains, "[Integrity is] a quality that includes keeping one's commitments."
question
Read the passage below and answer the question that follows. Peanuts according to Dr Campbell are a healthful substitute to potato chips Which of the following reflects the proper punctuation of the above sentence? Peanuts, "according to Dr. Campbell," are a healthful substitute to potato chips. "Peanuts . . . according to Dr. Campbell . . . are a healthful substitute to potato chips . . .". Peanuts: according to Dr. Campbell "[are] a healthful substitute to potato chips". "Peanuts," according to Dr. Campbell, "are a healthful substitute to potato chips."
answer
"Peanuts," according to Dr. Campbell, "are a healthful substitute to potato chips."
question
Read the passage below and answer the question that follows. With so many other options in contemporary society why do people continue to read poetry Smythe asks his audience Which of the following reflects the proper punctuation of the above sentence? "With so many other options in contemporary society, why do people continue to read poetry?" Smythe asks his audience. With so many other options in contemporary society: "why do people continue to read poetry?" Smythe asks his audience. "With so many other options in contemporary society . . . why do people continue to read poetry Smythe asks his audience?" "With so many other options in contemporary society, why do people continue to read poetry," Smythe asks his audience?
answer
"With so many other options in contemporary society, why do people continue to read poetry?" Smythe asks his audience.