Graham Final

25 July 2022
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24 test answers

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The neural center in the limbic system that processes explicit memories for storage is called the
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*c. Hippocampus.
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Behaviorism was the view that psychology should scientifically study behavior without reference to
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*d. Cognitive processes.
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Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________.
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*d. Assimilation; accommodation
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Endorphins are released in the brain in response to:
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*b. Pain or vigorous exercise
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The autonomic nervous system
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*b. Controls the glands and muscles of our internal organs
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Two parts of the limbic system are the amygdala and the
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*b. Hippocampus
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Principles of operant conditioning have most directly influenced the development of
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* C) Behavior therapies.
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Behaviorism was the view that psychology should scientifically study behavior without reference to
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* D) Cognitive processes.
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Psychologists have used three perspectives in their efforts to explain motivation. These include an emphasis on optimal arousal, a hierarchy of needs, and
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*A) drive-reduction.
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The neural center in the limbic system that processes explicit memories for storage is called the
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*C) Hippocampus.
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Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________.
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*D) Assimilation; accommodation
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Mood-congruent memory best illustrates that the emotions we experienced while learning something become
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*B) Retrieval cues.
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The mental process people use to explain their behavior and the behavior of others is called
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*A) An attribution.
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Deindividuation refers to
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*C) A loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations that fosters arousal and anonymity.
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Gender identity refers to
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*B) The sense of being male, female, or some combination of the two.
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The organizational rules identified by Gestalt psychologists illustrate that
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*C) The perceived whole may exceed the sum of its parts.
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The original Atkinson-Schiffrin three-stage information-processing model introduced distinctions among
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*C) Sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
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Psychodynamic theories emphasize that personality involves a dynamic interaction between
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*C) Conscious and unconscious mental processes.
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While driving to work, John was so focused on his cell-phone conversation that he inadvertently drove through a red light and hit another vehicle. John's experience best illustrates the impact of
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Selective Attention
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Mason, a stockbroker, runs two miles every day after work because it reduces his level of stress. Mason's habit of running is maintained by a ________ reinforcer.
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*B) Negative
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The use of cognitive heuristics rather than algorithms is most likely to
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*A) Save time in solving problems.
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Today's trait theorists rely on ________ to understand personality.
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*D) Big five factors
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The DSM-5 aims to provide all of the following EXCEPT
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*D) Help in creating labels that are self-fulfilling.
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When they are unable to avoid repeated painful events, depressed individuals may develop self-defeating beliefs that arise from
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*D) Learned helplessness.