GRA Chapter 4

25 July 2022
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question
Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue: A) Its primary function is nutrient storage B) Mature adipose cells are highly mitotic C) Most of the cell volume is occupied by the nucleus D) It is composed mostly of extracellular matrix
answer
Its primary function is nutrient storage.
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Which tissue type would likely function to hold the kidneys in place?
answer
adipose
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Which of the following is a modification of the simple columnar epithelium that allows for efficient absorption along portions of the digestive tract?
answer
dense microvilli
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The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.
answer
elastic cartilage
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Skin, lung, and blood vessel walls have which tissue characteristic in common?
answer
elastic fibers
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Which of the following is NOT found in cartilage but is found in bone?
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blood vessels
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How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic cartilage or fibrocartilage?
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It allows great flexibility.
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What are the three main components of connective tissue?
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ground substance, fibers, and cells
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________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane.
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Pseudostratified columnar
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The primary blast cell for connective tissue proper is the ________.
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fibroblast
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Choose which tissue type likely functions to add support to an organ.
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hyaline cartilage
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Edema (swelling) occurs when ________.
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areolar tissue soaks up excess fluid in an inflamed area
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A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.
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stratified squamous
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The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength, which allows them to absorb shock, is because they possess ________.
answer
collagen fibers
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Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
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highly cellular and well vascularized
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The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
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collagen
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Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.
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Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.
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Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue? A-When connective tissue is stretched, collagen gives it the ability to snap back B-Elastin fibers are sometimes called white fibers C-Collagen fibers provides high tensile strength D-Reticular fibers form thick, roselike structures
answer
Collagen fibers provides high tensile strength
question
Select the correct statement regarding the stem cells of connective tissue: A) Connective tissue cells are nondividing. B) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells. C) Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper. D) Connective tissue does not contain cells.
answer
"Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.
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The salivary glands are a good example of a(n) ________ exocrine gland.
answer
compound tubuloalveolar
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Connective tissue extracellular matrix is composed of ________.
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fibers and ground substance
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Choose which tissue would line the uterine (fallopian) tubes and function as a "conveyer belt" to help move a fertilized egg towards the uterus.
answer
ciliated simple columnar epithelium
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Cell type NOT found in areolar connective tissue.
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chondrocytes
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A ciliated version of pseudostratified columnar epithelium containing mucus-secreting goblet cells ________.
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lines most of the respiratory tract
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Which tissue in the wall of the uterus is required for labor contractions?
answer
smooth muscle
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Which of the following is NOT a step in tissue repair?
answer
formation of new stem cells
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Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.
answer
Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.
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Which of the following epithelia forms the walls of the air sacs across which gas exchange occurs in the lungs?
answer
simple squamous
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Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.
answer
endocrine
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Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.
answer
embryonic
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Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which epithelial tissue?
answer
simple columnar
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Which statement best describes connective tissue?
answer
usually contains a large amount of matrix
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A substance received or given off by your body will likely pass through which tissue type?
answer
epithelial tissue
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Chondroblasts ________.
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within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix
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Heart muscle cells would tend to separate without ________
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intercalated discs
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What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?
answer
bone (osseous tissue)
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Which tissue type is formed by many cells joining together, each contributing nuclei?
answer
skeletal muscle
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Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?
answer
goblet cells
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Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelia?
answer
Golgi apparatus
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Your instructor gives you an unknown organ for you to examine and identify through microscopy. What should you do first with the sample?
answer
fix it with preservative
question
Arteries, veins, and lymphatics keep clots from sticking as long as their ________ is intact and healthy.
answer
endothelium
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Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands?
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Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process.
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The first step in tissue repair involves ________.
answer
inflammation
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Which of the following is true about epithelia?
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Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.
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What tissue has Lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels
answer
Bone (Osseous tissue)
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Generally speaking, connective tissues are largely non-living extracellular matrix. Which of the following is an EXCEPTION? adipose blood bone areolar
answer
adipose