Enzymes Worksheet

25 July 2022
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question
What type of macromolecule are enzymes?
answer
Proteins
question
What are enzymes?
answer
proteins that act as biological catalysts
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What are catalysts?
answer
A substance that increases the rate of chemical reaction
question
Label the following picture
answer
On sheet
question
What do enzymes do to the activation energy?
answer
Slow down
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What do enzymes do in chemical reactions?
answer
Enzymes speed up the reaction by lowering the activation energy
question
Enzymes - Enzyme-Substrate Complex
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Enzymes provide a site where reactants can be brought together to react
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Enzyme - Product
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the energy needed for reaction
question
What 2 environmental conditions can affect the activity of an enzyme?
answer
Ionic Conditions and pH Values
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Factors that affect enzymatic reactions
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pH Substrate Concentration temperature
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What is the optimal pH that this enzyme functions at?
answer
7.5
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What is optimal temperature that this enzyme functions at?
answer
37 Degrees Celsius
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What happens when the pH is 2?
answer
Activation slows down
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What is the optimal pH for Intestinal Protease?
answer
9
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What is the optimal pH for Gastric Protease?
answer
3
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What enzyme works best in very acidic environment?
answer
Intestinal Protease
question
What is a monomer of protein?
answer
Animo Acids
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What are elements of proteins?
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Nitrogen,Calcium,iron and zinc
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What are examples of protein in food?
answer
Eggs Beans Milk Cheese
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What are functions of proteins?
answer
Proteins are used to help the function of the body's tissue and organs
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What are monomer?
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smallest unit of a large molecule
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What are polymers?
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the large molecule; forming by joining monomers two or more monomers make a polymer
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What are the denatured and renaturation of a protein?
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Extreme Temperature pH Changes Cell Activation Cell Inhibitors
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What a nucleotide made up?
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A 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous
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Different types of proteins
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Regulatory Transport Structural Protective
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Regulatory
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Controls the rate of reaction in your body
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Transport
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Send nutrients to different parts of the body
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Structural
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Forms/make up different parts of the body
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Protective
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Make cells that act as lighters for the body
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What are the elements of nucleic acids?
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The elements are C,H,O,N and P
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What are two types of nucleic acids?
answer
DNA RNA
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What is the function of nucleic acids?
answer
To store and transmit genetic info
question
What do most enzymes end with?
answer
ASE