EMT Chapter 28 Head And Spine Injuries

25 July 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
19 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (15)
question
Cushing triad in a patient is a sign of which of the following?
answer
intracranial pressure.
question
A patient with a head injury presents with abnormal flexion of his extremities. What numeric value should you assign to him for motor response?
answer
3
question
A tight-fitting motorcycle helmet should be left in place unless:
answer
it interferes with your assessment of the airway.
question
An indicator of an expanding intracranial hematoma or rapidly progressing brain swelling is:
answer
a rapid deterioration of neurologic signs.
question
Common signs and symptoms of a serious head injury include all of the following, EXCEPT:
answer
a rapid, thready pulse.
question
During your primary assessment of a 19-year-old unconscious male who experienced severe head trauma, you note that his respirations are rapid, irregular, and shallow. He has bloody secretions draining from his mouth and nose. You should:
answer
suction his oropharynx for up to 15 seconds.
question
Hyperextension injuries of the spine are MOST commonly the result of:
answer
hangings.
question
In contrast to a cerebral concussion, a cerebral contusion:
answer
involves physical injury to the brain tissue.
question
Once a cervical collar has been applied to a patient with a possible spinal injury, it should not be removed unless:
answer
it causes a problem managing the airway.
question
The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the:
answer
brain and spinal cord.
question
The five sections of the spinal column, in descending order, are the:
answer
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal.
question
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is used to assess:
answer
eye opening, verbal response, and motor response.
question
The ideal procedure for moving an injured patient from the ground to a backboard is:
answer
the four-person log roll.
question
What part of the nervous system controls the body's voluntary activities?
answer
Somatic
question
When activated, the sympathetic nervous system produces all of the following effects, EXCEPT:
answer
pupillary constriction.
question
When assessing a patient with a head injury, you note the presence of thin, bloody fluid draining from his right ear. This indicates:
answer
rupture of the tympanic membrane following diffuse impact to the head.
question
Which of the following breathing patterns is MOST indicative of increased intracranial pressure?
answer
Irregular rate, pattern, and volume of breathing with intermittent periods of apnea
question
Which of the following statements regarding secondary brain injury is correct?
answer
Hypoxia and hypotension are the two most common causes of secondary brain injury.
question
You should be MOST suspicious that a patient has experienced a significant head injury if his or her pulse is:
answer
slow