Chp 26 APUSH

7 July 2024
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Civilian conservation Corps (CCC) 1933
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employed about 3 million men (between 18-25) to work on projects that benefited the public, planting trees to reforest areas, building levees for flood control, and improving national parks, etc. Most pop form of legislation. Men only keep 20-25% of $, rest sent back to family.
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National Recovery Administration (NRA) 1933
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encouraged businesses to set minimum wage & abolish child labor. Tried to set up codes governing pricing and other practices for every industry. Helped people stay in work and for the employers to get the same amount of wages. Workers don't work more than 40 hrs/wk, better working conditions. Prices of these products are higher b/c helps fund gov & economy. Tried to do all: relief, recovery, and reform. Ruled unconstitutional in 1935.
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Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
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Raised farm prices by restricting output of staple crops. Gave farmers $ to pay mortages. Restricted production and paid subsidies to growers; declared unconstitutional in 1936.
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Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
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an agency that built and operated dams and power plants on Tennessee River; also promoted flood control, soil conservation, and reforestation. improved standard of living for millions of inhabitants of the valley.
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Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
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Gave money to states for use in helping people in need. Run by Harry Hopkins.
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Works Progress Administration (WPA) 1935
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Harry Hopkins in charge. established to make project jobs (i.e. public buildings). Got slave interviews by blacks born n2 slavery, pay for writers to write, artists to paint. Cultural program designed to enchance culture.
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Public Work Administration (PWA)
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Major jobs and major construction, like the subway in Chicago. Gov hired construction firms to do it. Under FERA.
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Emergency Banking Relief Act 1933
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Closed banks down to redo them. Ppl deposited $ right b4 closing- helped banks.
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Federal Housing Administration (FHA) 1934
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Agency that stimulated the housing industry by granting loans to home owners
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Social Security Act 1935
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guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health. Payments to retirees were financed by a payroll tax on current workers' wages, half directly as a payroll tax and half paid by the employer.
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National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) 1935
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allowed people to join unions without fear. protected against strike. gave labor a voice.
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Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (SCDA) 1936
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Government paid farmers to reduce production in order to conserve soil, prevent erosion, and accomplish other secondary goals.
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Second Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) 1938
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Passed 2 yrs after the AAA, continued conservation payments; if growers observed acreage restrictions on cotton and wheat, they would be eligible for parity payments; gave farmers a fairer price and a more substantial share of the national income
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Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) 1938
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established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs [40 hrs/wk, 40 cents/hr.], and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor."