Chapter 9 Quiz

28 August 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
35 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (31)
question
According to John O'Sullivan, the "manifest destiny" of the United States to occupy North America could be traced to:
answer
A divine mission.
question
America's first commercial railroad was the:
answer
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
question
At the Lowell textile mills:
answer
The owners established lecture halls, churches, and a worker-edited periodical to occupy the workers' free time.
question
During the first half of the nineteenth century, individualism:
answer
Was rooted in the idea of self-sufficiency.
question
For which one of the following did nativists NOT blame immigrants in the 1840s?
answer
Increased Protestantism
question
Henry David Thoreau believed that:
answer
Genuine freedom lay within the individual.
question
How did the market revolution affect the lives of artisans?
answer
Gathered in factories, they faced constant supervision and the breakdown of craftsmanship into specialized tasks.
question
In an 1837 case involving the Charles River in Massachusetts, Chief Justice Roger Taney:
answer
Declared the community had a legitimate interest in promoting transportation and prosperity.
question
In his essay "The Laboring Classes," Orestes Brownson argued that:
answer
Radical social change would produce equality between men.
question
Most of the states that entered the Union in the six years immediately following the War of 1812 were located:
answer
West of the Appalachian Mountains.
question
Samuel Slater:
answer
Established America's first factory.
question
Squatters:
answer
Set up farms on unoccupied land.
question
The "American System of manufactures":
answer
Relied on the mass production of interchangeable parts.
question
The "German triangle" in the mid-nineteenth century referred to:
answer
Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Milwaukeeโ€”cities with large German populations.
question
The American railroad industry in the first half of the nineteenth century:
answer
Stimulated the coal-mining industry.
question
The catalyst for the market revolution was a series of innovations in:
answer
Transportation and communication.
question
The cult of domesticity:
answer
Led to a decline in birthrates.
question
The Erie Canal gave which city primacy over competing ports in accessing trade with the Northwest?
answer
New York
question
The Erie Canal:
answer
Was far longer than any other canal in the United States at that time.
question
The first industry to be shaped by the large factory system was:
answer
Textiles.
question
The majority of the nearly 4 million immigrants that entered the United States between 1840 and 1860 were from:
answer
Germany and Ireland.
question
The role of a white middle-class woman in antebellum America was primarily to:
answer
Focus her energies on the home and children.
question
The transcendentalist movement:
answer
Emphasized individual judgment, not tradition.
question
The women who protested during the Shoemakers' Strike in Lynn compared their condition to that of:
answer
Slaves.
question
What city was known as "porkopolis" because of its slaughterhouses that butchered and processed hundreds of thousands of pigs each year?
answer
Cincinnati
question
What encouraged the building of factories in coastal towns such as New Bedford and even large inland cities such as Chicago by the 1840s?
answer
Steam power meant factories no longer had to be near waterfalls and rapids to generate the power.
question
What helped to encourage Richard Allen to establish the African Methodist Episcopal Church?
answer
He was forcibly removed from praying at the altar rail at his former place of worship.
question
What improvement most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce in the first half of the nineteenth century?
answer
Canals and steamboats
question
What problem with cotton did Eli Whitney solve by inventing the cotton gin?
answer
Removing seeds from the cotton was a slow and painstaking task, but Whitney made it much easier and less labor-intensive.
question
What was the most important export from the United States by the mid-nineteenth century?
answer
Cotton
question
What was the significance of Robert Fulton?
answer
His work in designing steamboats made upstream commerce possible.
question
Which denomination enjoyed the largest membership in the United States by the 1840s?
answer
Methodist
question
Which one of the following is NOT an example of the significance of Eli Whitney's cotton gin?
answer
The completion of the Erie Canal allowed the transportation of thousands of pounds of cotton per day.
question
Which one of the following was NOT a way in which westward movement affected the South?
answer
The South had to develop a highly effective railroad system to transport goods from west to east.
question
Women who worked at the Lowell mills:
answer
Lived in closely supervised boardinghouses.