Chapter 9 - Christianity

22 August 2022
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The Gospel that is oriented toward a Jewish audience and that portrays Jesus as the "new Moses" is
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Matthew
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In 1054, what happened between the Eastern (Greek-speaking) Church and the Western (Latin-speaking) Church?
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They split apart.
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The Christian bishop of North Africa who wrote his Confessions and influenced much later Christianity was
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Augustine
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Perhaps the most important ritual of Christianity is a sign of entry into the church, or
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baptism
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The color that symbolizes sorrow for sin and repentance and is used during Lent is A. green B. purple
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?
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A letter to an early Christian community is called
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an epistle.
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Regarding traditional Jewish practices, Jesus seems to have thought that
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human happiness was an important goal.
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The major Christian rituals, such as baptism and the Lord's Supper, are often called
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sacraments.
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Christianity added its books to those of the Hebrew Bible; the distinctively Christian books are called
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he New Testament.
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What movement, growing after 500 c.e. in Europe, helped spread Christianity widely throughout Europe?
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monasticism
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The Gothic cathedrals were built primarily during the
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Middle Ages.
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"I am the Light of the world" is a statement found in what non-Synoptic Gospel?
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John
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Gothic architecture, although it arose in France, may be traced back to
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Persia
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The Protestant Reformation was started by
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Martin Luther.
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The founder of the Church of England was
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Henry VIII.
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The branch of Christianity that is significant in Russia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Romania is called
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Eastern Orthodox.
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The central sacrament (ritual act) of the Roman Catholic Church is called
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the Mass
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The bishop who is the most important bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church is the patriarch of
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Constantinople
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In 313 the emperor Constantine published an Edict of Toleration, which allowed
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Christians to worship publicly
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Christianity first spread in
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the Mediterranean region
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Lent is
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a period of preparation for Easter.
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The history of the early Christian Church is found in what biblical book?
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Acts
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Many fine portraits of women are found in what Gospel, that emphasizes compassion and also contains the story of the Good Samaritan?
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Luke
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What is the oldest branch of the Protestant Reformation? Lutheranism
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Lutheranism
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The branch of Protestantism that especially has stressed the religious value of work and discipline is
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Calvinism
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The dramatic style of church architecture that Catholics frequently used in order to oppose the Protestant Reformation is called
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Baroque
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The person whose Rule for Monks helped organize and spread Western monasticism was
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Benedict
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The term a.d. means
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Anno Domini (in the year of the Lord).
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The view that the end of the world is near is called
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apocalypticism
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The statue of the Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica is by
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Michelangelo
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Christianity grew out of
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Judaism
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Jesus died at the time of what religious festival?
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Passover
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Literally, "gospel" means
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good news.
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Jesus said that all important religious laws could be summed up in the
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Two Great Commandments.
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Jesus opposed divorce because
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divorce left a woman unable to support herself
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The primary language that Jesus spoke was
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Aramaic
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The early Christian group that was primarily Jewish in background had its headquarters in
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Jerusalem
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One of the major areas of debate among early Christians was aboutOne of the major areas of debate among early Christians was about
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whether or not they had to keep Jewish laws.
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The oldest of the Gospels is generally thought to be
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Mark
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Literally, "synoptic" means
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"together see."
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The Gospel of John shows many similarities with
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the Dead Sea Scrolls.
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In Jesus' day, a Samaritan was
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a member of a despised outsider group.
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The book of Acts is really the second part of which Gospel?
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Luke
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"Orthodoxy" literally means
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"right belief."
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In Jesus' time, what power controlled Israel?
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Rome
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The person who provided rules for how Eastern Christian monks should live was
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Basil
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The medieval nun who wrote mystical songs was
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Hildegard of Bingen
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The religious order that has especially focused on teaching and scholarship is
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Dominicans
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The Scottish church leader who studied with John Calvin in Geneva was
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John Knox.
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Which of these books is found in the New Testament?
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Hebrews