Chapter 9

22 August 2022
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question
America's first commercial railroad was the:
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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
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The American railroad industry in the first half of the nineteenth century:
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stimulated the coal mining industry.
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What came to be redefined as a personal moral quality associated more and more closely with women?
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virtue
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The role of a white middle-class woman in antebellum America was primarily to:
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focus her energies on the home and children.
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What was the most important export from the United States by the mid-nineteenth century?
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cotton
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The first industry to be shaped by the large factory system was:
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textiles.
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Which of the following was NOT a way in which westward movement affected the South?
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The South had to develop a highly effective railroad system to transport goods from west to east.
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The South had to develop a highly effective railroad system to transport goods from west to east.
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Clocks increasingly regulated the separation of work and leisure time.
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What encouraged the building of factories in coastal towns such as New Bedford and even large inland cities such as Chicago by the 1840s?
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Steam power meant factories no longer had to be near waterfalls and rapids to generate the power.
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The Erie Canal gave which city primacy over competing ports in accessing trade with the Northwest?
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New York
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Which of the following was not a factor in the nation's acquisition of Florida from Spain?
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Spain's loss of Haiti in a slave rebellion, which rendered Florida imperially unimportant
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The "German triangle" in the mid-nineteenth century referred to:
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Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Milwaukeeโ€”cities with large German populations.
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At the Lowell textile mills:
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the owners established lecture halls and churches.
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Which improvement most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce in the first half of the nineteenth century?
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canals and steamboats
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The cult of domesticity:
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led to a decline in birthrates.
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Which of the following helped to increase the visibility and power of the Catholic Church in America in the mid-nineteenth century?
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The number of Irish Catholic immigrants grew dramatically.
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The transcendentalist movement:
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emphasized individual judgment, not tradition.
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Which statement about the western settlements is FALSE?
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The government discouraged western settlement at every turn.
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Who believed that freedom was an open-ended process of self-realization by which individuals could remake themselves and their own lives?
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Ralph Waldo Emerson
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According to John O'Sullivan, the "manifest destiny" of the United States to occupy North America could be traced to:
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a divine mission.
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Which of the following was responsible for the first large-scale American factory, which was built in Massachusetts?
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the cutoff of British imports because of the Embargo of 1807 and the War of 1812
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How did the market revolution affect the lives of artisans?
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Gathered in factories, they faced constant supervision and the breakdown of craftsmanship into specialized tasks.
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What was the significance of Robert Fulton?
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His work in designing steamboats made upstream commerce possible.
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Most of the states that joined the Union in the six years immediately following the War of 1812 were located:
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west of the Appalachian Mountains.
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Which of the following was NOT a way that the market revolution changed western farming?
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Farmers in the Old Northwest used slave labor to expand their production.
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The majority of the nearly 4 million immigrants that entered the United States between 1840 and 1860 were from:
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Germany and Ireland.
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During the first half of the nineteenth century, individualism:
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was rooted in the idea of self-sufficiency.
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Which of the following is NOT an example of the significance of Eli Whitney's cotton gin?
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The completion of the Erie Canal allowed the transportation of thousands of pounds of cotton per day.
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Which statement about corporations is FALSE?
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The corporation was not a vital component in the new market economy.
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Which denomination enjoyed the largest membership in the United States by the 1840s?
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Methodist
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The catalyst for the market revolution was a series of innovations in:
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transportation and communication.
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The women who protested during the Shoemakers' Strike in Lynn compared their condition to that of:
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slaves.
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Which of the following statements related to the Second Great Awakening is FALSE?
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The Second Great Awakening popularized Deism.
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The "American System of manufactures":
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owed a great deal to Eli Terry's development of interchangeable parts in clockmaking.
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The Erie Canal:
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was far longer than any other canal in the United States at that time.
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In Gibbons v. Ogden, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that:
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New York could not grant a monopoly on steamboat navigation between New York and New Jersey.