Chapter 8 T/F

21 March 2023
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question
A crime can be committed only against persons. a. True b. False
answer
False
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Criminal law spells out the duties that exist between persons or between citizens and their governments. a. True b. False
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False
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One purpose of criminal sanctions is to deter others from committing similar crimes in the future. a. True b. False
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True
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Public officials prosecute criminal defendants. a. True b. False
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True
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In a criminal case, the state must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. a. True b. False
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False
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The sanctions imposed on criminal wrongdoers are the same as those applied in civil cases. a. True b. False
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False
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A misdemeanor is a crime punishable only by a fine. a. True b. False
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False
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Felonies are punishable by imprisonment for more than a year or death. a. True b. False
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True
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Corporations, like persons, can be liable for crimes. a. True b. False
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True
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A wrongful mental state is typically required to establish criminal liability. a. True b. False
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True
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One element that normally must exist for a person to be convicted of a crime is the performance of a prohibited act. a. True b. False
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True
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Falsifying public records or altering a legal document is larceny. a. True b. False
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False
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Embezzlement can be committed only by physically taking property from the possession of another. a. True b. False
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False
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A person's intent to return embezzled propertyโ€”or its actual returnโ€”is not a defense to the crime of embezzlement. a. True b. False
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True
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Counterfeiting is robbery. a. True b. False
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False
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Picking pockets is not robbery. a. True b. False
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True
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Crimes occurring in a business context are popularly referred to as white-collar crime. a. True b. False
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True
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Changing a trademark is forgery. a. True b. False
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True
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Using social media to defraud is a federal crime. a. True b. False
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True
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It is not a crime to defraud the public through the use of e-mail ads. a. True b. False
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False
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. It is a federal crime to use income obtained from racketeering activity to buy an interest in any enterprise. a. True b. False
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True
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A kickback for a special favor or service is a form of bribery in some situations. a. True b. False
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True
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Ordinarily, "ignorance of the law" or a mistaken idea about what the law requires is a valid defense to criminal liability. a. True b. False
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False
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Constitutional safeguards to protect the rights of individuals apply in federal courts. a. True b. False
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True
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The Fourth Amendment protects against unreasonable searches by the government. a. True b. False
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True
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A suspect cannot be tried twice in the same court for the same crime. a. True b. False
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True
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. Under the exclusionary rule, illegally obtained evidence may not be included in any criminal prosecution. a. True b. False
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True
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Individuals who are arrested must be informed of certain constitutional rights. a. True b. False
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True
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The purpose of the exclusionary rule is to encourage criminals to provide exclusive evidence of their crimes. a. True b. False
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True
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All persons who are arrested have the constitutional right to remain silent. a. True b. False
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True
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No federal statute specifically addresses cyber crime. a. True b. False
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False
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A cyber terrorist might target a government agency, but not a business. a. True b. False
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False
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In a phishing attack, the perpetrator "fishes" for financial data and passwords from a consumer by posing as a legitimate business. a. True b. False
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True
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A stolen credit card is more likely to hurt the cardholder than a merchant. a. True b. False
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False
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A company takes a risk by storing its online customers' credit-card numbers. a. True b. False
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True