Humanities: Chapter 6 Quiz

23 August 2022
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· Young children usually play best with:
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peers-people of the same age and social status.
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• Which is NOT one of the types of play identified by Mildred Parten? :
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Solitary, Onlooker, Parallel, associative, cooperative
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• Which is NOT a form of play engaged in by young children in all cultures? :
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Throwing, catching and pretending to be adults
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• According to the text, people in _____ believe that preschoolers do not need instruction. As a result, their 3-year-old children spend little time engaged in structured learning activities. :
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Brazil
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• Billy and Rodney are both building with construction bricks. They are sitting apart, each with his own set of bricks. What type of play is this? :
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Parallel play
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• A child's active play during the childhood years correlates with:
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peer acceptance, a healthy self-concept and regulate emotions.
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• What is one of the functions peers provide in active play? :
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Provide an audience, role models, and competition sometimes
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• Play that mimics aggression through wrestling, chasing, or grabbing, but is not intended to harm is called _____ play. :
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rough and tumble
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• Just as monkeys do in their rough-and-tumble play, human children:
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chase, wrestle and grab eachother and develop games like tag and cops and robbers
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• Rough-and-tumble play has been associated with the development of the _____ area of the brain since it helps children to regulate their emotions, practice social skills, and strengthen their bodies. :
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Prefrontal cortex
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• Tiara, Molly, and Maria are playing dress-up. They are all princesses and have built a castle out of cardboard boxes and colored paper. What type of play are the three girls engaging in? :
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sociodramatic play
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• When parents expect unquestioning obedience from their children, their parenting style is labeled:
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authoritarian parenting
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• Jose demonstrates warmth and nurturance towards his children. He does not believe in punishment of any sort and does not have any rules for his children. His parenting style is:
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permissive parenting
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• Authoritarian parents often:
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set down rules and hold high standards
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• Parents who set limits, enforce rules, and listen receptively to their children are exhibiting the ______ pattern of parenting.
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Authoritative parenting
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• Children who lack self-control are most likely to have parents who have the ______ parenting style. :
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Permissive parents
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• What is a criticism of Baumrind's classification of parenting styles? :
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: Participants were not diverse in SES, ethnicity, culture. She focused more on adults attitudes than actions, overlooked children's temperamental differences. Did not recognize that some "authoritarian parents" are also affectionate. Did not realize that some "permissive" parents provide extensive verbal guidance.
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• Young children tend to learn the most from teachers who use which style?:
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authoritatve teachers
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• By the age of ______, children are convinced certain toys are appropriate for one gender but not the other. :
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4
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• Compared to parents in the United States, ______ as many Canadian parents use slapping, pinching, or smacking as a form of punishment. :
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Half
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• In which country is physical punishment of a child illegal?:
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Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, Norway, New Zealand, and Swedan.
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• Which of these acts would be considered child maltreatment? :
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Child abuse and Child neglect
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• In order to be substantiated child maltreatment, _____ must be verified by the authorities. :
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The reported case
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• Which is NOT a risk factor that makes child maltreatment more likely? :
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Fewer households have many samll children
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• The number of reported maltreatment cases are _____ the number of substantiated maltreatment cases. :
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4 times
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• What is the MOST probable reason child abuse is underreported?
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Fewer households have smaller amount of children