Chapter 5 Socialization (NEW 2019/20)

6 July 2024
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socilization
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the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture
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Erik Erikson's Theory
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personality continues to develop over the entire lifespan, didn't stress unconscious motives or desires, feels events that occur early in development can leave a permanent mark on one's later social-emotional development.
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Buying Sarah a kitchen toy to play with
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Some sociologists have pointed out that gender roles are often determined by how a society socializes young boys and girls. Which of the following is an example of socializing a child into a gender role?
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Teenage years
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According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, when do humans begin to consider other people's feelings and see the world through other people's eyes?
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George Herbert Mead's specific path of development for individuals.
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Preparatory stage, play stage, game stage, generalized other stage.
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Carol Gilligan
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Her study described the differences in the way that boys and girls view mortality.
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Emile Durkheim's study of suicide
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It defined the differences between sociology and psychology.
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Nature vs. Nurture
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Heredity vs. Environment....Has a child that disrupts class learned that from his environment or was it inherited?
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To understand and follow the same norms that they themselves follow.
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Why do parents often socialize their children?
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It teaches children facts about the world, how to interact with their peers and gain social graces, and how to react to authority and behave in a group or one-on-one.
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Why is education important to society?
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Why is transitioning form college life to work life a struggle for may young adults in the U.S.?
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The status quo has been maintained for a long time, the government and economy are undergoing significant changes, getting knowledge from their peers' experiences is difficult, and finding a job, renting and apartment, and being independent is a daunting task that seems almost impossible.
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Resocialization
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the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
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degradation ceremony
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the process by which new members of a total institution lose aspects of their old identities and are given new ones...like prisoners getting stripped down, searched, and given identical uniforms.
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Symbolic Interactionism
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Approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols....Like a mom who is really dressing her baby boy up so people know for sure that he is a boy.
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The sociological paradigm of Conflict
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When a conflict arises in what you believe, i.e., like being confused between what your parents instill in you and what our best friends parents say.
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Structural Functionalism
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theoretical tradition claiming that every society has certain structures (the family, the division of labor, or gender) that exist to fulfill some set of necessary functions (reproduction of the species, production of goods, etc.)
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Socialization
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the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as members of that society
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The perspective of females
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What did Carol Gilligan believe earlier researchers into morality had overlooked?
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Psychologists are interested in mental health and sociologists are interested in societal functions. Psychologists look inward to describe behavior and socialists look outward.
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What are some of the differences between psychology and sociology?
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Blood type
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From a sociological perspective, which factor does NOT greatly influence a person's socialization?
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Family
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This is typically the earliest agent of socialization;
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Sigmund Freud
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founder of psychoanalysis
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George Herbert Mead
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This scientist studied the "self" and that each individual has to be able to view him or herself through the eyes of others?
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Family, peer groups, school, workplace, religion, government, and mass media.
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What are the 7 agents of socialization?
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Taking a year off of school after high school in order to travel.
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What is a gap year and describe and example of one......
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....................
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Be able to describe why socialization matters and why it is critical to both individuals and the the societies in which they live....
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..............
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Be able to describe what nature vs. nurture is and how it affects you........