Chapter 3: Stress and Illness/Disease

13 June 2024
4.8 (158 reviews)
37 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (33)
question
Hot Reactors
answer
People who react to stress with an all-out physiological reaction.
question
Psychosomatic
answer
Conditions that have both a mind and body component.
question
Psychophysiological
answer
Synonymous with psychosomatic.
question
Psychogenic
answer
A physical disease caused by emotional stress without a microorganism involved.
question
Somatogenic
answer
A psychosomatic disease that results from the mind increasing the body's susceptibility to disease-causing microbes or natural degenerative processes.
question
Psychoneuroimmunology
answer
The study of the illness-causing healing effects of the mind on the body.
question
Phagocytes
answer
A type of white blood cell whose purpose is to destroy substances foreign to the body.
question
T Cells
answer
A type of lymphocyte whose purpose is to destroy substances foreign to the body by puncturing invaded body cells and killing the cells and the foreign substances.
question
B Cells
answer
A type of lymphocyte that produces antibodies.
question
Suppressor T Cells
answer
Cells whose purpose is to halt the immune response.
question
Memory T and B Cells
answer
Cells left in the bloodstream and the lymphatic system to recognize and respond to future attacks to the body by the same invader.
question
Hypercholesterolemia
answer
High levels of cholesterol in the blood.
question
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
answer
Sometimes termed bad cholesterol, too much LDL leads to clogging of the arteries and, therefore, is related to the development of coronary heart disease.
question
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
answer
Sometimes termed good cholesterol, HDL helps to remove cholesterol from the body thereby lowering the chances of developing coronary heart disease.
question
Sphygmomanometer
answer
An instrument used to measure blood pressure.
question
Systolic Blood Pressure
answer
The pressure of the blood as it leaves the heart.
question
Diastolic Blood Pressure
answer
The pressure of the blood against the aterial walls when the heart is relaxed.
question
Essential Hypertension
answer
Hypertension with no known cause. Approximately 90% of hypertension cases.
question
Cerebral Hemorrhage
answer
A rupture of a blood vessel in the brain.
question
Myocardial Infraction
answer
When a part of the heart dies because of a lack of oxygen.
question
Plaque
answer
Debris that clog coronary arteries.
question
Apoplexy
answer
A lack of oxygen to the brain resulting from a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel; also called a stroke.
question
Stroke
answer
A lack of oxygen to the brain resulting from a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel; also called apoplexy.
question
Type A
answer
A behavior pattern associated with the development of coronary heart disease. Traits; competitive, aggressive, time-urgent, hostile, does things quickly, overly concerned with numbers, and does more than one thing at a time.
question
Atherosclerosis
answer
Clogging of the coronary arteries.
question
Arteriosclerosis
answer
Loss of elasticity of the coronary arteries.
question
Preattack
answer
Synonymous with prodrome.
question
Prodrome
answer
The constriction phrase of a migraine headache; also called preattack.
question
Carcinogens
answer
Cancer-causing agents.
question
T-Lymphocytes
answer
A part of the immunes system that destroys mutant cells.
question
Antigen
answer
A foreign substance irritating to the body.
question
Antibodies
answer
Substances produced by the body to fight antigens.
question
Rheumatoid Factor
answer
A blood protein associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
question
Autoimmune Response
answer
A physiological response in which the body turns on itself.
question
Temporomandibular Syndrome (TMJ)
answer
Interference with the smooth functioning of the jaw.
question
Ulcer
answer
Can be caused by the ingestion of anti-inflammatory drugs. Peptic ulcers caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
question
Neuropeptides
answer
Relaxation and some forms of visualization result in the production of neuropeptides.