Chapter 23

25 July 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
73 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (69)
question
How does the average amount of water that returns to the oceans by precipitation compare to the water that leaves by evaporation?
answer
Evaporation is greater than precipitation.
question
Which of the following is not considered to be a form of precipitation?
answer
Dew
question
When water vapor in the atmosphere condenses to liquid water,
answer
a cloud forms
question
Which cloud type is usually associated with the arrival of a cold front?
answer
towering cumulus
question
A warm front forms when
answer
a warm air mass advances over a mass of cooler air
question
A cyclone is centered about a
answer
region of low pressure
question
Longer periods of drizzle, rain, or snow are usually associated with which cloud type?
answer
Stratus
question
A condition that lifts a parcel of air to form cumulus clouds is
answer
any of these
question
Brief periods of showers are usually associated with which cloud type?
answer
Cumulus
question
Most of the great deserts in the world are located
answer
30Ā° north or south latitude
question
Without condensation nuclei, a cooling air mass can become supersaturated.
answer
True
question
Clouds that are gray have larger water droplets than do white clouds.
answer
False
question
Raindrops in a summer rainstorm may have actually started as ice crystals at high altitudes.
answer
True
question
When a warm air mass advances over a mass of cooler air, towering cumulus clouds form, often resulting in thunderstorms.
answer
False
question
After the eye of a hurricane passes over you, thunderstorms and high winds resume, but now blowing in the opposite direction.
answer
True
question
The average temperature of a location is made more even by the influence of
answer
A large body of water
question
The one term that does not describe an air mass is
answer
Continental Southern
question
An intense low-pressure area with widespread winds greater than 120 km/h is a
answer
Hurricane
question
The smallest, most violent weather event is a (an)
answer
Tornado
question
The process that is not involved with how water cycles in and out of the atmosphere is
answer
Boiling
question
A parcel of air shoved upward into atmospheric air in a state of instability will expand and become cooler,
answer
But not as cool as the surrounding air
question
How does precipitation form from water droplets in a cloud?
answer
Coalescence of water droplets or growth of ice crystals
question
Which of the factors that influence the climate of a region would tend to moderate the temperature?
answer
Large body of water
question
White, puffy cumulus clouds that form over a flat region of the country during the late afternoon of a clear, warm day are probably the result of
answer
Convection
question
A parcel of air that is shoved upward into atmospheric air in a state of instability will expand and become cooler
answer
But not as cool as the surrounding air
question
Clouds that are between you and the Sun will appear gray because
answer
The clouds filter sunlight
question
The climate of a specific location is determined by
answer
All
question
Water that returns to Earth's surface in either solid or liquid form is called
answer
Precipitation
question
What is a large, violent circular storm that is born over warm, tropical ocean waters?
answer
Hurricane
question
Heated air rises because
answer
It is pushed upward by cooler, denser air
question
What is the smallest, most violent weather disturbance that occurs on the earth?
answer
Tornado
question
A thunderstorm that occurs at 3 A.M. over a flat region of the country was probably formed by
answer
The meeting of moving air masses
question
Weather prediction is not based on
answer
The farmers Almanac
question
Condensation of water vapor into clouds or fog requires
answer
Condensation nuclei
question
Which is not an example of precipitation
answer
Dew
question
Cloud droplets merge and fuse with millions of other droplets are form large raindrops. This process is called
answer
Coalescence
question
What type of cloud will usually produce a long, cold winter storm with drizzle, rain, ice and snow?
answer
Stratus
question
The transfer of heat from a region of higher temperature to a region of lower temperature by the displacement of high-energy molecules is
answer
Convection
question
A boundary between air masses is called a
answer
Front
question
A low-pressure center where the winds move counterclockwise into the low-pressure center is called a
answer
Cyclone
question
Clear, fair weather is associated with a
answer
High
question
A thunderstorm usually does not develop under what conditions
answer
Cold air
question
Upward air motion that leads to the growth of cumulus clouds to tremendous heights is called
answer
Updraft
question
The separation of charge associated with the movement of water droplets as they fail or as they are ifted by an updraft can result in
answer
Lightening
question
A hurricane does not have
answer
A high pressure area
question
Weather prediction is not based on
answer
The Farmer's Almanac
question
The general pattern of weather that occurs for a region over a number of years is called
answer
The climate
question
The source of energy that drives the hydrologic cycle is
answer
The sun
question
Considering the average amount of water that evaporates from Earth's oceans each year and the average amount that returns by precipitation
answer
Evaporation is greater than precipitation
question
A thunderstorm that occurs at 3 a.m. over a flat region of the country was probably formed by
answer
The meeting of moving air masses
question
Without any heat being added or removed, a parcel of air that is expanding is becoming
answer
Cooler
question
A parcel of air shoved upward into atmospheric air is a state of instability will expand and become cooler,
answer
But not as cool as the surrounding air
question
A parcel of air shoved upward into atmospheric air in a state of stability will expand and become cooler
answer
And thus colder than the surrounding air
question
Cumulus clouds usually mean an atmospheric state of
answer
Instability
question
When water vapor condenses in a parcel of air rising in an unstable atmosphere, the parcel is
answer
Accelerated upward
question
A parcel of air with a relative humidity of 50% is given an upward shove into the atmosphere. What is necessary before cloud droplets form in the air?
answer
Cooling, saturation, condensation nuclei
question
A cloud is hundreds of tiny water droplets suspended in the air. The average density of liquid water in such a cloud is about
answer
1 g/m cubed
question
In order for liquid cud droplets at the freezing into ice crystals
answer
Ice-forming nuclei are needed
question
Which basic form of a cloud usually produces longer periods of drizzle, rain, or snow?
answer
Cumulus
question
The type of air mass weather that results after the arrival of polar continental air is
answer
Much the same from day to day, with conditions depending on the air mass and the local conditions
question
The appearance of high cirrus clouds, followed by thicker and lower stratus clouds, then continuous light rain over several days probably means with of the following air masses has moved to your area
answer
Maritime tropical
question
A fully developed cyclonic storm is most likely to form
answer
On a stationary front
question
The basic difference between a tropical storm and a hurricane is
answer
Wind speed
question
The climate of a specific location is determined by
answer
Its latitude, how much sunlight is receives, its altitude and nearby mountains and bodies of water
question
The process that is not involved with how water cycles in and out of the atmosphere is
answer
Boiling
question
The process of water vapor cycling in and out of the atmosphere with evaporation of water from the surface and precipitation of water back to the surface is called the
answer
Hydrologic cycle
question
You are standing on a warm beach in Tahiti. Rain begins to fall. The type of cloud must be
answer
Cumulus
question
Precipitation that is formed by cycling repeatedly through a thunderstorm, falling, and then being returned to the upper of the thunderclouds by updrafts is
answer
Hail
question
The smallest, most violent weather event is a
answer
Tornado
question
What kind of weather front is approaching if you observe towering cumulus clouds, thunderstorms, a rapid change of temperature, a rapid shift in wind, and a rapid increase in the barometric pressure when the front passes?
answer
Cold front
question
The separation of charge associated with the movement of water droplets as they fall or as they are lifted by an updraft can result in
answer
Lightning
question
Which of the following probably would not modify or influence a climate?
answer
If daylight saving time is used
question
What is a cloud?
answer
An accumulation of ice crystals or water droplets in the air