Chapter 22, 23, & 24

25 July 2022
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question
Which of the following is NOT true concerning medications for H. pylori?
answer
They always include an antacid.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of H2-receptor antagonists that interact with histamine to inhibit gastric secretions?
answer
They should not be used for GERD.
question
Which of the following is true of opioid/synthetic opioid medications for diarrhea?
answer
All of the above statements are true. ( They include paregoric and diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil), They inhibit gastrointestinal motility, decrease hyperperistalsis, and allow the reabsorption of water and electrolytes, They are available only by prescription)
question
Indiscriminate laxative use may lead to
answer
all of the above. (dependence, loss of potassium, cardiac irregularities.)
question
Which of the following is NOT true about antacids?
answer
They have no other indications except the treatment of gastric hyperacidity.
question
Which is NOT true of NSAIDs?
answer
They are relatively safe and have the advantage over other medications of not causing gastrointestinal symptomatology.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of medications used on the skin?
answer
Fluorouracil is used for actinic keratosis and superficial basal cell carcinomas. This medication irritates the skin, causing tissue disintegration, necrosis, and ulceration.
question
Which of the following are used in mouthwashes?
answer
All of the above. (anesthetics, fluorides, oxygenating agents, phenols)
question
Which are sodium preparations that must be used infrequently and with care?
answer
baking soda & Alka Seltzer
question
Which of the following is NOT true of skin preparations?
answer
Persons with oily skin should bathe less frequently.
question
The goal of arthritis therapy includes all of the following EXCEPT
answer
maintaining joint function
question
Which of the following is NOT true of syrup of ipecac?
answer
Vomiting should begin within 5 to 10 minutes of administration.
question
Which of the following is NOT true?
answer
Sodium compounds do not affect gastric motility, but they do change systemic pH.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of laxatives and cathartics?
answer
People need a bowel movement per day and should take laxatives and cathartics to ensure this normal body function.
question
Which of the following statements is NOT true about treatment of burns?
answer
Sulfonamides should be placed on tissue before dรฉbridement to soften the area, but this treatment has no antibacterial effect.
question
Which of the following is NOT true about taking medications for motion sickness?
answer
They should be taken when symptoms occur.
question
Which of the following is true of anti-inflammatory agents for the GI tract?
answer
All of the above statements are true. (Anti-inflammatory agents specifically for the GI tract are for the management of ulcerative colitis, They may be administered as suppositories or retention enemas, Members of the sulfonamide family may be used to treat irritable bowel syndrome.)
question
Common side effects of musculoskeletal medications include
answer
all of the above (nausea & vomiting, pain in abdomen, headache)
question
Which of the following is NOT true about the cox inhibitor?
answer
The drugs in this category can be safely used by persons who are allergic to penicillin and sulfa drugs.
question
Which of the following is NOT true of bulk-forming laxatives?
answer
They interfere with food absorption.
question
Which of the following must be considered in administering stimulant laxatives?
answer
All of the above must be considered. (The patient should be taught that cascara sagrada may discolor urine pink, red, or brown, Tablets should not be crushed or chewed because of irritation to the stomach, They should not be taken with milk or antacids.)
question
Gold preparations cause
answer
all of the above. (pruritus, stomatitis, rash, blood dyscrasias.)
question
Which are magnesium-based compounds?
answer
milk of magnesia
question
Which of the following is true concerning oral antifungals?
answer
All above statements are true. (They are used to treat candidiasis of the oral cavity, They bind to the oral mucosa and remain in effect for up to 3 hours, They are not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract but pass through without absorption)
question
Benzoyl peroxide is the active ingredient in many topical medications for acne.
answer
True
question
Which of the following is NOT true of bowel evacuants?
answer
They are used for normal constipation.
question
Medications used for arthritis include
answer
Gold, NSAIDs, DMARDs,
question
Which of the following is NOT a side effect of medications used in the gastrointestinal tract?
answer
excessive thirst and excessive urination
question
Which of the following is NOT true of medications for seborrheic dermatitis?
answer
They routinely contain a topical antibiotic.
question
Vigorously rubbing calamine lotion on an area will help with the relief of itching.
answer
False
question
Which of the following are found in the names of gold salts?
answer
"au"
question
Centrally acting muscle relaxants include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
probenecid (Benemid)
question
Common side effects of medications for skin disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
answer
loss of hair
question
Which of the following is true of oral antiviral agents?
answer
All of the above. (Treatment of oral viral infections is palliative, Acyclovir is used for symptomatic relief, such as local pain and encrusted lesions, They may be topical or systemic.)
question
The rate of medication absorption through the skin depends on which of the following?
answer
all of the above. (the form of the drug, the size of the drug molecule, the base of the medication)
question
Which of the following is NOT true of alendronate?
answer
It may be given without regard to vitamin D.
question
Which of the following is NOT true about antiemetic?
answer
They are not effective with motion sickness.
question
If Cantharone, used to remove common warts, touches normal skin, the medication should be removed with acetone or alcohol immediately.
answer
True
question
Topical preparations come in which of the following forms?
answer
all of the above (ointments and lotions, creams and gels, aerosol sprays)
question
A patient with arthritis must make decisions on a day-to-day basis about the medications to take.
answer
False