Chapter 15

25 July 2022
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question
The highest concentration of the psychoactive agent is found in tiny hairs called ________, which are most abundant on the flowers of the female cannabis plant.
answer
trichomes
question
Which of the following is the primary psychoactive agent present in the cannabis plant?
answer
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
question
Hashish refers to:
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pure cannabis resin.
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The flowering tops (buds) of unpollinated female cannabis plants produce a high-grade marijuana known as:
answer
sinsemilla.
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The most commonly used commercial method to extract delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from the cannabis plant material is by:
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using liquid carbon dioxide to produce oils or other forms.
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The 70 chemicals that are known to be unique to the cannabis plant are called:
answer
cannabinoids.
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________ is defined as the result produced by a combination of not only cannabinoids but also the terpenes, which are the oils produced by several types of plants.
answer
Entourage effect
question
Which of the following is true of the absorption, distribution, and elimination of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the human body?
answer
When smoked, the peak mood-altering and cardiovascular effects occur together, usually within 5 to 10 minutes.
question
Which of the following statements is true of the metabolism of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the human body?
answer
THC has a half-life of about 19 hours in the human body.
question
The natural substance in the body that has marijuana-like effects is called:
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anandamide.
question
In a study of heart rate changes following smoked marijuana with 4 percent THC or 20 mg oral THC, ________.
answer
the peak effects were similar, but smoking produced a faster onset of effects
question
A consistent cognitive effect of marijuana, seen both in frequent users and in less experienced users, is:
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slowing of cognitive processing.
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A great number of studies have consistently reported that smoked marijuana and oral THC both produce:
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increased total daily food intake.
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Which of the following is a behavioral effect of marijuana on humans?
answer
Nonverbal social interactions
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In 1985, the FDA approved the sale of dronabinol (Marinol), which:
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is a capsule containing THC.
question
Tolerance to the effects of smoked marijuana:
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allows experienced marijuana users to obtain euphoric effects with minimal cognitive impairment.
question
The current shift in the U.S. public's attitude toward marijuana laws is probably partly related to which of the following?
answer
Increasing evidence that marijuana is relatively innocuous and A desire to spend federal funds more wisely and gain tax revenue