Chapter 14 Bureacracy

13 June 2024
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Bureaucracy, literally translated, means
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rule by desks.
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Public bureaucracies are powerful because
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legislatures, chief executives, and the people delegate vast power to them to make sure a particular job is done.
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What is the origin of most federal bureaus?
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Congress passes laws creating and funding most federal bureaus.
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Which of the following is not a major role of bureaucracy?
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passing laws
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Which of the following statements about administrative rule making is false?
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Both houses of Congress must formally approve all federal rules.
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Which of the following statements about the merit system is not true?
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Every member and official of a government agency has been appointed as a part of the merit system.
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Before the Civil Service Act of 1883, how were government appointments handled?
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Appointments were made to political supporters as part of a spoils system.
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What is a government corporation?
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It is a government agency that is run primarily by business executives from the private sector.
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A bureau charged with putting restrictions and obligations on individuals or corporations in the private sector is called a ______ agency.
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regulatory
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______ is the primary mission of the State Department.
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National security
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The Freedom of Information Act is designed to
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make more national security documents available to the public.
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The use of taxing and spending powers to shape the economy is part of ______ policy.
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fiscal
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______ policy concerns banks, credit, and currency.
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Monetary
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Who has authority to set interest rates and lending activities for the nation's banks?
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Who has authority to set interest rates and lending activities for the nation's banks?
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Which of the following is not a clientele agency?
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the Department of Agriculture
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Making permanent cuts in existing agencies is often difficult because
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most agencies have a supportive contituency that will fight to reinstate any cuts that are made
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Devolution describes a process through which
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the federal government is downsized by delegating the implementation of programs to state and local governments
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One drawback of devolution is that
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the standards associated with particular programs become increasingly variable between states.
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Which statement is the definition of privatization?
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a way to reduce government costs by relocating government programs to private groups or corporations
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Executive privilege refers to
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the claim that confidential communications between a president and close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president.
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The concept of oversight refers to the effort made by
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Congress to make executive agencies accountable for their actions.
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Which of the following is not a way in which Congress can exercise oversight?
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having members of Congress work part-time for a particular agency that is struggling to meet the demands Congress has placed on it