Chapter 13

25 July 2022
4.7 (114 reviews)
52 test answers

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers (48)
question
Organically grown produce is nutritionally superior to conventionally grown produce.
answer
false
question
Cross contamination can occur when uncooked foods containing live microbes come into contact with foods that have already been cooked.
answer
true
question
Exposure to alfatoxin can lead to
answer
liver cancer
question
All microbes are pathogens.
answer
false
question
The _____monitors and investigates the incidence and causes of food-borne diseases.
answer
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
question
Cooking turkey to an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit is an example of which step in the HACCP system?
answer
establish critical limits
question
Genetically modified rice, called golden rice, is an example of how genetic engineering is used to
answer
increase the nutrient quality of a food.
question
The _______ step in the HACCP program enables the manufacturer to trace the source of the problem in the event of a food-borne illness outbreak.
answer
record keeping
question
Which of the following statements regarding Salmonella is FALSE?
answer
Salmonella bacteria are most commonly found in undercooked chicken, unpasteurized milk, and untreated water.
question
All of the following are preservation techniques that kill microbes EXCEPT
answer
freezing
question
Which of the following bacteria is most likely growing in a bulging can of green beans?
answer
Clostridium botulinum
question
The goal of the _____ is to reduce the incidence of food-borne illness by improving food safety practice and policies throughout the United States.
answer
National Food Safety Initiative
question
Which of the following statements is FALSE about the reason food irradiation is infrequently used in the United States?
answer
The food becomes radioactive and thus harmful to health.
question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of organic food production techniques?
answer
Organic foods are risk-free of microbial food-borne illness.
question
Between ____ degrees Fahrenheit, bacteria will multiple most rapidly.
answer
41-135
question
The majority of food-borne illnesses occurs from consuming food that is contaminated by
answer
microbes
question
Lead absorption is decreased by the presence of ________ in the body.
answer
calcium and iron
question
The _____ ensures the safety and quality of foods sold across state lines with the exception of red meat, poultry, and egg products.
answer
Food and Drug Administration
question
Which of the following statements is FALSE about viruses that make us sick?
answer
Viruses that cause human diseases can grow and reproduce in foods.
question
Cold pasteurization is also referred to as
answer
irradiation
question
Which of the following statements regarding the control of microbial growth is FALSE?
answer
Most bacteria grow best in conditions without oxygen.
question
Which of the following does NOT influence whether or not someone gets sick from eating contaminated food?
answer
all
question
Genetic engineering has sped up the process of improving the traits of organisms. Which of the following describes the process of engineering a genetically modified plant?
answer
desired gene is identified and "cut out" of plant ā†’ DNA is integrated into chromosomes ā†’ modified plant cells are placed into cell culture
question
The deadliest of all bacterial food toxins is produced by
answer
Clostridium botulinum.
question
________ is the leading cause of acute bacterial diarrhea in developed countries.
answer
Campylobacter jejuni
question
a set of techniques used to manipulate DNA for the purpose of changing the characteristics of an organism or creating a new product
answer
genetic engineering
question
a chemical created in foods when starches and other carbohydrates are over heated during cookoing, that may be a carcinogen
answer
acrylamide
question
a hormone naturay released by cows that simulates the production of milk. A synthetic of this hormone is now being produced by genetic engineering
answer
bovine somatotrophin `
question
dormant states of some bacteria that are resistant to heat but can germinate and produce a new organism when enviromental conditions are favorable
answer
spores
question
the process of manipulating life forms via genetic engineerign in order to provide desirable products for human use
answer
biotechnology
question
an illness caused by the consuption of contaminated food
answer
food borne illness
question
microscopic organism, or microoganims including bacteria, viruses and fungi
answer
microbes
question
an organism or a substance that causes disease
answer
pathogen
question
organisms that live at the exspense of others
answer
parasites
question
food on the GRAS list
answer
have been used for years without ill effet
question
Which of the following is not true of a HACCP system?
answer
It relies on visual food inspections
question
The foods that most frequently cause Salmonella infection are ________.
answer
eggs and poultry
question
Pathogenic bacteria are killed by ________.
answer
cooking
question
Which organism can cause food-borne intoxication and can be present in honey and home-canned foods?
answer
Clostridium botulinum
question
Which of the following is most likely to be a concern in hamburger that is cooked to well done on a grill?
answer
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
question
. Raw hamburger patties are taken to the grill on a platter. After being cooked, they are returned to the unwashed platter and served. This is an example of ________.
answer
cross contamination
question
Glass that enters food from a broken jar is ________.
answer
not regulated
question
The potential benefits of biotechnology include all of the following except ________.
answer
increased biodiversity
question
Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the "cafeteria germ"?
answer
Clostridium perfringens
question
Trichnicella spiralis is most commonly associated with pork products.
answer
true
question
Locally grown produce contains _____ of pesticides as compared to produce that is shipped across the country for sale in grocery stores.
answer
a lower amount
question
Thoroughly washing contaminated produce will effectively kill the E. coli bacterium present.
answer
false
question
Avoiding products made with unpasteurized milk will reduce the risk of Campylobacter jejuni and Listeria infection.
answer
true
question
Food additives are used to maintain freshness of food, add nutrients that may be lacking in the diet, and retain moisture.
answer
true
question
It is very easy to identify foods that have been genetically modified.
answer
false
question
The sale of organic foods is on the rise.
answer
true
question
Color additives that are classified as "certified" have undergone rigorous testing that ensures humans will not have adverse reactions from their use in foods.
answer
false