# ART CH 1.3 and 1.4 - Light and Darkness

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value
The lightness or darkness of a surface is the element of art called ________.
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serious
Detective movies of the 1940s were filmed in such dark tones they were referred to as film noir. Filmmakers chose these dark values to enhance the ________ mood of the movies.
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depth
Artists can create a sense of ____ by using light and dark values.
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Chiaroscuro
This method of applying value to a two-dimensional artwork in order to create the illusion of three-dimensional solid form is called ________.
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When using the Chiaroscuro method, what are the 5 defined values?
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black and white
The French artist Pierre-Paul Prud'hon created chiaroscuro by using ________ chalk on paper.
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Hatching
the process of using a series of parallel lines set close to one another to differentiate planes of value in a work of art is called ________.
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three-dimensional
Hatching and cross-hatching use two-dimensional lines to communicate ________ depth.
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cross-hatching
In order to create value in his drawing Head of a Satyr, Michelangelo used both hatching and ________, a variation where the lines overlap, allowing for the depiction of darker tones.
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all of the above a. alternating value b. relative size c. overlapping d. relative position
When using a series of squares that are exactly the same shape, implied depth can be achieved by ________.
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relative position
One method used to establish depth in Katsushika Hokusai's famous image The Great Wave Off Shore at Kanagawa (seen below) involves placing shapes higher or lower on the page. This process for creating depth is called ________.
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closer
An artist can use color to indicate depth. When a color is very pure and intense then it seems to be ________.
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atmospheric perspective
When objects are far away they lack contrast, detail, and sharpness of focus because of the interference of air. Artists take advantage of this when they use the process called:
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isometric perspective
This system, which derives its name from the Greek meaning "equal measure," uses diagonal parallel lines to communicate depth.
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isometric
The computer simulation game Transistor (below) uses ________ perspective.
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linear perspective
This is the system for creating an illusion of depth using three basic components: horizon line, vanishing point, and convergence lines.
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dark room
The medieval Arabic scholar Alhazen used a camera obscura, a device that later helped artists to understand the basic tenets of linear perspective. Camera obscura is a Latin phrase. What is the closest English translation?
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orthogonals
A Summer Shower by the British artist Edith Hayllar employs linear perspective to create depth. The painting contains imaginary sightlines that converge toward a single vanishing point. These lines are also called ________.
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vanishing point
One-point perspective does convey depth, but it has limited applications due to its reliance on a single ________.
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Foreshortening
If an artist were to draw a figure whose arm was pointing directly toward the viewer, what technique would the artist have to use when drawing the outstretched arm?
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Prism
This object can be used to separate white light into the colors of the spectrum
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Color
This is the most vivid element of art and design
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red, yellow, blue
What are the three primary (traditional) colors?
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Subtractive
When ________ colors are mixed, they make a duller and darker color because more of the visible spectrum is absorbed.
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hue
The term used for referring to the basic colors of the spectrum is ____
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A color that is lighter than its basic hue is known as a tint. A color that is darker than its basic hue is called a ________.
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low
A color that is almost gray has a ____ saturation
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complementary colors
Colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel are radically different in wavelength and are called ________.
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vibrate
When complementary colors are used next to each other in a composition, they produce a visual anomaly called simultaneous contrast. This visual effect makes the colors appear to ________ along the boundary where the two colors meet.
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red and green
If you were to design an eye-catching poster using only two colors, the combination that would most stand out to passersby would be ________.
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analogous
colors that do not contrast strongly with each other, and which are similar wavelength, are ____ colors
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Temperature
color ________ can be relative to the other colors nearby. For example, violet can be warm if we see it next to a hot color like red, or cool if we see it next to a colder color like blue.
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Pointillism
The french artist Georges Seurat employed a new technique to create a jewel-like diffusion of light and vibration of color in his work The Circus. This type of painting, made up of small dots of color, is known as ________.
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CMYK
Most commercial color printing is achieved using four separate colors, represented by the matrix ____
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lime yellow
Advertisers often use this color to reach their audience because it is the most visible in the spectrum.
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blue, blue-green, green
what color combination is analogous?
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they become aggressive