ARH 100 Test 2

24 August 2022
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Artists draw for many reasons, including:
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all of the reasons
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2. In Leonardo da Vinci's design for a flying machine he used a ________ as his inspiration.
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bird's wing
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3. When Raphael was preparing to paint his fresco The School of Athens he did a large drawing called ________ to help place the design on the wall.
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a cartoon
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4. Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?
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9B
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5. In her self-portrait, the artist Ilka GedΓΆ used pencil and varied the ________ in order to suggest texture, create emphasis, and to produce darker values.
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pressure
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6. When creating his silverpoint drawing Heads of the Virgin and Child, Raphael employed ________, a process in which the artist uses closely arranged parallel lines to create value.
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hatching
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7. Sticks of chalk, pastel, and crayon are all made by combining pigment with ________.
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Binder
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8. Artists' chalk is powdered calcium carbonate combined with this binder.
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gum arabic
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The French Impressionist Edgar Degas used this dry drawing medium when he created The Tub in 1886.
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pastel
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10. The French artist Georges Seurat created a study for his huge painting La Grande Jatte using this waxy medium.
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conte crayon
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11. Erasers can be used by artists as drawing tools. In 1953 Robert Rauschenberg created a work by erasing a drawing by this famous Abstract Expressionist painter.
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d. Willem de Kooning
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12. Artists, such as Vincent van Gogh, vary the width of a reed pen stroke by ________.
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pressing harder
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13. East Asian artists have traditionally applied ink using a ________.
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brush
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14. An artist who is using brush and ink will often control the value of the ink by ________.
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diluting with water
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15. Before the invention of paper, drawings were done on ________.
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all of the other answers
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16. In which country was paper invented by Cai Lun, who made it out of macerated plant fibers suspended in water?
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china
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17. In addition to its fiber content and weight, paper is also classified by its surface texture. What is the type of paper that is created on a screen with a grid-like structure?
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wove
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18. This is the practice of drawing from a live model or other actual objects.
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life drawing
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19. Matisse called these works "drawing with scissors" because in them he concentrated on the contours of shapes.
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cutouts
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20. This type of drawing involves the use of long continuous lines to capture the changing surface and outline of an object.
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contour
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1. Paint in its most basic form is composed of ________ and a liquid binder.
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pigment
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2. This component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products.
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pigment
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3. The binding agent in encaustic painting is ________.
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beeswax
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4. This painting tool can be used to apply thick encaustic paint.
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palette knife
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Naturalistic encaustic portraits of the Roman era, from the Fayum Oasis in Egypt, were created as ________.
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funerary adornments
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6. The binding agent for tempera paint is ________.
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egg
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7. Tempera lends itself to high ________ because it is usually applied with a brush in short, thin strokes.
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detail
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8. Islamic and Renaissance artists often used tempera in conjunction with oil and this material, which adds a rich appearance to the work.
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gold leaf
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9. This twentieth-century American painter chose tempera to describe his neighbor's "extraordinary conquest of life" in the work Christina's World.
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andrew wyeth
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10. This painting process relies on freshly applied lime plaster to hold the pigment in place.
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fresco
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11. There are two types of fresco. Fresco secco, which means dry fresco, and this kind, which means good fresco.
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buon
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12. Taking four years to complete, the Sistine Chapel ceiling was painted by this artist in sections using the buon fresco method
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michelangelo
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13. This painting binder is a by-product of flax production and first came into common use during the late Middle Ages and the Northern Renaissance.
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linseed oil
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14. The Renaissance artist and writer Giorgio Vasari credited this Flemish painter with the invention of oil paint.
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jan van eyck
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15. The transparency of oil paint allows a painter to use a process called glazing in order to add a high degree of ________ to a painting.
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luminosity
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16. Californian artist Joan Brown used this painting technique, created by applying thick layers of paint to a surface.
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impasto
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7. Italian Baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi used this medium for her Allegory of Painting, a self-portrait of the artist with a paintbrush in hand.
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oil paint
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18. This contemporary painting medium uses a polymer resin as a binder.
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acrylic
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19. This painting medium is transparent, applied to a paper surface, and has a gum arabic binder (the French version uses honey.)
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watercolor
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20. This painting medium is opaque, applied to a paper surface, and uses a gum arabic binder.
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gouache
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21. This German artist's naturalistic depiction Hare was created using a combination of watercolor and gouache highlighting.
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albrecht
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22. This medium is made of pigment suspended in water so that it adheres to the fibers of paper to which it is commonly applied. Usually there is a small amount of gum arabic in this medium, and it most often uses only black pigment.
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ink
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23. This painting technique was used by the prehistoric cave painters of Lascaux, France, and is still used by contemporary graffiti artists.
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spray paint
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24. The best surface to paint the medium of encaustic on is fabric.
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false
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25. Artists used oil paint on cave walls thousands of years ago.
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false
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Which of the following is a print making process?
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Intaglio
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When a printmaker rolls ink into a raised surface and presses a piece of paper onto it, the resulting image on the paper is known as
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An impression
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Images were first reproduced by printmaking in this ancient culture
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Mesopotamia
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The earliest existing printed artworks on paper were created in this culture
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China
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This type of printmaking is done by carving away part of a block in order to leave a easier surface that can be inked and printed
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Relief
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This style of printmaking means "pictures of floating world" and was practiced by the Japanese artist Kitagawa Utamaro
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Ukiyo-e
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This twentieth-century German artist used the natural grain and splintering of the woodblock to make his work prophet more expressive
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Emil Nolde
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This term for plate printmaking means "cut into" in Italian
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intaglio
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This printmaking tool is a sharp instrument used to mark the surface of a plate
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Burin
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This intaglio printing process involves carefully and cleanly scoring on a metal plate
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engraving
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This intaglio process is achieved by pulling a buring across a surface of a metal plate, leaving a burr where the ink will collect
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drypoint
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The intaglio prpcess eploys acid to mar the surface of a metal plate
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etching
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the seventeeth century dutch artist was a master of etching and used it to depict adam and eve
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rembrandt
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intaglio process makes an image that resembles a water based media and uses melted rosin to create an acid resisitnat coating
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aquatint
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this intaglio process is achieved by roughening the entire metal plate surface witha rocking tool, then smoothing the areas where the ink is to be wiped
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mexxotint
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this type of prinktmaking does not a require the artist to cute into the surface, the ink is suspended by other means to complete the print
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planographic
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printmaking process means "stone writing" in greek
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lithography
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french artist depicts the aftermath of police brutality
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Honore duamier
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this printmaking process is used for t-shirts solar panels and circuit boards
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silkscreen
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a group of prints that are identical and produced in a limited number is called ____.
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an edition
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this process can be used to create a unique printed image and involves a clean plate of metal or glass on which the artist carefuly inks the image and then prints
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monotype
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what does the word "photograph" mean
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writing with light
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the mechanic of the camera are very similiar to those of _____.
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the human eye
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the first cameras were ____.
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room sized
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the name of the opening that lets light into any camera is called
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aperture
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when were the first successful photographs made using a camera?
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early 1800's
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daguerreos are made on
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polished metal plates
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a major benefit of the daguerros process is that___________
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it created very detailed images
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a major benefit of the calotype process is that_____.
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calotypes are negaitves that can be readily reproduced
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one of the earliest surviving photographs is a still life of
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plaster casts, a framed pic, and a wine and flask by the window
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in his photograph two ways of life, oscar gustav employed methos that emulated the process of
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painting
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the steerage by alfred stieglitz depicts______
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passengers on a steam ship
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what is it called when a photographer chooses to make a photograph look candid and spontaneous
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snapshot aesthetics
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hannah hoch was part of the movement knows as
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dada
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sally mann's 1989 photograph the new mothers was made
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in black and white
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contemporary photographer edwar burtyksky intends his manufacturing series to make viewers think about human actions leading to ___________;
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enviromental impact
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color photographs could be made from the time that the first photophraphic processes were intvented
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true
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shinign a light through a film negative reverses the tones so that multiple pos + trips can be made
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true
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the final step in developing a film iin a dark room is washing and drying the print
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true
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postive
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image matches the appearance as the human eye would see it
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negative
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image the reverses the tones of light and dark
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subject
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person place of thing being photograph