AP Gov. Chapter quiz

22 June 2024
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Three-Fifths Compromise
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Compromise agreement between northern and southern states at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
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Connecticut Compromise
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Compromise agreement by states at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with a lower house in which representation would be based on population and an upper house which each state would have two senators.
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New Jersey Plan
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Proposal at the Constitutional Convention made by William Paterson of New Jersey for a central government with a single house legislature in which each state would be represented equally.
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Bicameralism
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The principle of a two-house legislature.
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Virginia Plan
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Initial proposition at the Constitutional Convention made by the Virginia delegation for a strong central government with a bicameral legislature, the lower house to be elected by the voters and the upper chosen by the lower.
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Shays' Rebellion
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Rebellion by farmers in western Mass. in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures; led by Daniel Shays and important because it highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
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Constitutional Convention
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The convention in Philadelphia, May 25 to September 17, 1787, that framed the Constitution of the United States.
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Annapolis Convention
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The Convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of trade and navigation, attended by five states and important because it issued the call to Congress and the states for what became the Constitutional Convention.
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Articles of Confederation
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The governing document of the confederate states, drafted in 1777, ratified in 1781, and replaced by the present Constitution in 1787.
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Theocracy
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Government by religious leaders, who claim divine guidance.
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Ideology
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A consistent pattern of beliefs about political views and the role of government.
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Social Capital
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Participation in voluntary associations that reinforce democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise, and respect for differences.
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Plurality
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Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, not necessarily more than half.
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Majority
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The candidate or party that wins more than half the votes cast in an election.
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Majority Rule
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Governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority.
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Popular Consent
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The idea that a just government must derive its powers from the consent of the people it governs.
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Statism
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The idea that the rights of the nation are supreme over the rights of the individual residing in the nation.
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Constitutionalism
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The set of arguments; including checks and balances, federalism, separation of powers, rule of law, due process, and bill of rights, that requires leaders to listen, think, bargain, and explain before they act or make laws. We then hold them politically and legally accountable for how they exercise their powers.
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Constitutional Democracy
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A government that enforces recognized limits on those who govern and allows the voice of the people to be heard through free, fair, and relatively frequent elections.
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Representative Democracy
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Government that derives its powers indirectly from the people, who elect those who will govern; also called a republic.
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Direct Democracy
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Government by which citizens vote on laws and select officials more directly.
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Democracy
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Government by the people, either directly for indirectly, with free and frequent elections.
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The Federalist
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Series of essays promoting ratification of the Constitution, published anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in 1787 and 1788.
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Anti-Federalists
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Opponents of the ratification of the Constitution and of a strong central government generally.
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Federalists
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Supporters of ratification of the Constitution whose position promoting a strong central government was later voiced in the Federalist party.