How does Shakespeare use foreshadowing in Macbeth?
By having the witches make a second round of predictions in Act IV, he suggests how Macbeth will actually be defeated in Act V.
In Act II, Scene 2, after he murders Duncan, Macbeth asks, "Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood / Clean from my hand?" Neptune was the Roman god of the sea.
How does this allusion to Neptune affect the play?
It reveals the great depth of Macbeth's guilt, suggesting that all the water in the ocean cannot cleanse him of it.
In Act IV of Macbeth, Macduff and Malcolm learn of the chaos and disloyalty that exists in Scotland under Macbeth's reign.
How does Scotland's condition illustrate one of the play's major themes?
It shows how, while rightful kings bring order to their nation, tyrants bring disorder.
Despite having gained the power he sought, Macbeth is unhappy in Act V.
How do Macbeth's feelings of emptiness in the play's final act help develop one of its major themes?
It shows that runaway ambition, in addition to being destructive, can never be satisfied.
Which sentence best expresses one of the themes of Macbeth?
Evil deeds can continue to torment people long after the deeds are committed.
In Shakespeare's time, there were very definite ideas about how men and women differed. Most people of that time thought that men were more violent than women. In Macbeth, however, Shakespeare explores the idea that women can be just as violent as men.
Which incidents in the play help convey that idea?
Lady Macbeth is more eager for Duncan's death than her husband.
The witches offer predictions that inspire bloodshed and cruelty.
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