2.5 Architecture Handout Questions

21 August 2022
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sculptor structural designer
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Which of these artists is not involved with the creation of architecture
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the site engineering materials need of the user
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2. Architects consider this when designing a building.
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tension
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This kind of stress pulls on the structure of a building and must be countered by a pushing stress.
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compression
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This kind of stress pushes on the structure of a building and must be countered by a pulling stress.
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World Trade Center
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The architect Fumihiko Maki began the process of designing a building for this New York City site by making a simple drawing
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Cubist
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The juxtaposition of different buildings and styles of architecture in New York City creates a composition like ________ painting.
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load-bearing
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This architectural term means describes a structure created from a pile of material
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Guatemala
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The remarkable load-bearing Maya pyramid Temple I at Tikal can be found in this modern country
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a span
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In order to create an interior space, an architect must design a distance between two supports called ________.
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post-and-lintel
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This architectural construction method consists of two uprights and a crossbeam.
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hypostyle
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A room that uses numerous columns to support a flat ceiling is known as a ________ hall.
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Karnak
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The Temple of Amun-Re, an ancient Egyptian hypostyle hall built nearly 3,500 years ago, is still one of the largest religious structures in the world. It is located at ________.
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pendentive
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This feature is NOT a basic part of a Greek column
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Ionic
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The Greek architect Kallikrates designed the Temple of Athena Nike using this style of column, named after a region in coastal Greece
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corbeled
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This type of arched span was first used in ancient Babylon and Mycenae
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Treasury of Atreus
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This ancient Mycenaean stone building, built around 1250 BCE, uses a corbeled arch to span the entryway.
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rounded
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The ancient Romans perfected this type of arch and often used it in their architecture
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an aqueduct
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The Pont du Gard is a Roman construction used for conveying water, called ________.
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vault
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This is a ceiling based on the structural principles of the arch.
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nave
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This is the large central space of a Romanesque or Gothic cathedral
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Gothic
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The visionary church leader Abbot Suger sought to intensify the spiritual experience of wor-shipers by revolutionizing church architecture. He was instrumental in establishing the architec-tural style known as ________.
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flying buttresses
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This feature of Gothic architecture allowed the weight of the ceiling to be transferred away from the walls so that larger windows could be built
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stained-glass
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This type of window was used in Gothic cathedrals to enhance the religious experience of the worshiper
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clerestory
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These windows are set high above the nave in order to allow light into large open areas, such as the interior of the Hagia Sophia.
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pendentive
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If an architect wanted to build a large square building with a domed roof, he or she would use this structural feature to transfer the load of the roof.
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beams
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Japanese wooden architecture uses a series of cross- and counter-________ to support the elaborate curved roofs of early temples.
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Classical
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Styles of art and architecture that were inspired by the Greeks and Romans are referred to as ________.
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steel: iron:: concrete
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In the nineteenth century, this material became both less costly and more widely available for construction
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balloon framing
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This nineteenth-century North American construction method uses lightweight wooden frames, instead of heavy timbers, to support the building.
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Crystal Palace
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This cast-iron building was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851, and was more than a third of a mile long
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Gustave Eiffel
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The Crystal Palace inspired other architects, including ________, who created a tower in Paris that was originally intended to be temporary.
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Louis Sullivan
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This architect, who pioneered the use of steel in architecture, is sometimes called the "father of Modernism."
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"form follows function"
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Architect Louis Sullivan used this famous phrase to express his design philosophy
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a column
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The exterior of the Wainwright Building in St. Louis, Missouri, reflects the elements of this architectural form.
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Burj Khalifa
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The tallest building in the world, located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is named ________
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geometric
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The architect Le Corbusier's International Style favors a strongly ________ organization of forms.
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concrete
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This building material is a mixture of cement and ground stone
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Sydney Opera House
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The Danish architect JΓΈrn Utzon designed this eye-catching structure in Sydney, Australia, using reinforced concrete
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b. Postmodernism
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This style of architecture, which began in the 1980s, combines the hard rectangles of Modernism with unusual materials and stylistic features from the past
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the Humana Building
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This Postmodernist building was designed by Michael Graves and is located in downtown Louisville, Kentucky.
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to give the building a weightless quality
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Why did Zaha Hadid decide to use glass as the primary building material for the ground level of the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati, Ohio?
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environmentally friendly
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The Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems, co-directed by the architects Vittori and Fisk since 1991, was created to make buildings more ________.
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Narthax
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Entry way
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Haga Sophia
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Is a Byzantine Model, and was built by the emperor Justinian as the New Cathedral
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Collesium
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Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre and is an elliptical amphitheatre. Had shows called munera and were always given by private individuals rather than the state