10-h Obesity

25 July 2022
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30 test answers

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question
A 20-year-old female with a BMI of 34 would be categorized as obese. healthy. morbidly obese. athletic.
answer
obese.
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A 26-year-old male would be considered obese if he has a body mass index of 22-24. has a body mass index of 30 or higher. has a body fat percentage of 20 percent. is 15 percent heavier than his ideal weight.
answer
has a body mass index of 30 or higher.
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About one-third of people who undergo gastric surgery for weight loss relapse within five years. True False
answer
True
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A good way to control portion sizes when you eat at home is to serve the food buffet style to reduce trips to the kitchen. eat more frozen and convenience foods. serve meals on smaller plates. eat restaurant leftovers several times a week.
answer
serve meals on smaller plates
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All of the following are scientific methods for determining body composition EXCEPT bioelectrical impedance analysis. height and weight tables. skinfold measures. hydrostatic measures.
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height and weight tables.
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A mother's decision to bottle-feed her baby, as opposed to breast-feeding, would increase the child's chances of becoming obese. True False
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True
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Annie had a long day at work and has an overwhelming craving for pasta. She decides to ask her friend Nicole to meet her at their favorite Italian restaurant. Annie is experiencing satiety. appetite. adaptive thermogenesis. hunger.
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appetite.
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Emotions or situations that cause a person to make unhealthy eating choices are behaviors. feelings. triggers. pressures.
answer
triggers.
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Extremely low body fat can contribute to loss of menstrual period. True False
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True
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Foods consumed to meet emotional needs or reduce emotional insecurities are called convenience foods. comfort foods. junk foods. social foods.
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comfort foods.
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Glenna is trying to determine her healthy weight. She should assess her percentage of body fat and how her weight is distributed. how often her weight fluctuates up and down and in what increments. how her clothes fit. how her weight compares to that of her friends
answer
her percentage of body fat and how her weight is distributed.
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In planning a weight management program that has the BEST chance of success you must follow a formal plan such as Weight Watchers. establish short- and long-term plans. think of weight management as a temporary phase. decide to eliminate all fat from the diet.
answer
establish short- and long-term plans.
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In working to improve your eating habits, one important step to take is to eat more slowly and stop when you begin to feel full. hire a nutritional life coach. read the best-selling diet books and choose a diet to follow. go on an all-liquid diet for the first two weeks to cleanse your system.
answer
eat more slowly and stop when you begin to feel full.
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Liposuction is used to spot reduce or contour body shape. reroute the passage of food through the body. restrict the calories absorbed by the body. decrease levels of leptin.
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spot reduce or contour body shape.
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One dangerous consequence of very-low-calorie diets is that they increase the individual's risk for a condition in which the blood levels become acidic. This is known as hypertension. anemia. ketoacidosis. stenosis.
answer
ketoacidosis.
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One problem with the BMI measurement is that it requires the use of special laboratory equipment. cannot be used for children. is an indirect estimate of body fat. takes too long to calculate.
answer
is an indirect estimate of body fat.
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Over-the-counter weight loss aids and supplements typically contain diuretics. minerals. antidepressants. vitamins.
answer
diuretics.
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The body naturally experiences an increased metabolic rate when we adopt a reduced-calorie diet. during sleep. as we age. during pregnancy.
answer
during pregnancy.
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The concept of adaptive thermogenesis attempts to explain how people's bodies conserve calories in very hot and very cold environments. thin people can consume large amounts of calories without gaining weight. genetics influences childhood obesity. metabolic rate slows down as we age.
answer
thin people can consume large amounts of calories without gaining weight.
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The exercise metabolic rate would be lower for walking versus jogging. True False
answer
True
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The measure of energy expended while a person is engaged in sedentary activities, such as sitting on a sofa or digesting food, is the basal metabolic rate. resting metabolic rate. exercise metabolic rate. calorie intake.
answer
resting metabolic rate.
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The method of body composition measurement that sends a small current through the body to measure the resistance based on percentage of body water is bioelectrical impedance analysis. dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. soft tissue roentgenogram. electrical conductivity test.
answer
bioelectrical impedance analysis.
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The minimum amount of energy the body uses at complete rest is known as the energy balance. basal metabolic rate. resting metabolic rate. metabolic balance.
answer
basal metabolic rate.
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The prevalence of obesity is consistent across all subpopulations in the United States. True False
answer
False
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Two males of equal size and leanness but different ages will burn the same amount of calories at rest. True False
answer
False
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When eating a very-low-calorie diet for prolonged periods, the body may begin to obtain fuel from protein in lean body tissue. minerals stored in bone. fluid reabsorption by the kidneys. glycogen stored in the brain.
answer
protein in lean body tissue.
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Which of the following is TRUE with respect to genetics and obesity? Adopted children are more likely to be similar in weight to their adopted parents as compared to their biological parents. Although genes may influence fat distribution, they do not affect metabolism. Studies reveal that fraternal twins are more likely than identical twins to be of similar weight.
answer
Studies reveal that identical twins are more likely than fraternal twins to be of similar weight.
question
Which of the following is FALSE about weight management? Restrictive diets may be both physiologically and psychologically harmful. Short-term diets are as effective as long-term behavior modification. Low-calorie diets almost always result in regained weight. Careful attention to portions is a key factor in sustained weight loss.
answer
Short-term diets are as effective as long-term behavior modification
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Which theory holds that our bodies fight to maintain our weight within a particular narrow range? set point theory adaptive thermogenesis theory hormone adjustment theory thrifty gene theory
answer
set point theory
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Which theory holds that some people have a genetic disposition toward fat storage and retaining weight? thrifty gene theory hormone adjustment theory adaptive thermogenesis theory set point theory
answer
thrifty gene theory